8 Antioxidants and What They Do for You

antioxidants

What Are Antioxidants?

Antioxidants are compounds that combat the oxidation process in your cells. Fruits and vegetables, and other plant-based foods, are the main source of antioxidants. However, your body system produces some as well. You happened to be very likely used to vitamin A, C and E, beta-carotene, and the minerals like manganese, copper, selenium, and Zinc. Furthermore, plant nutrients and compounds such as phytoestrogens, phenols, polyphenols, flavonoids, and polyphenols are antioxidants.

What Do Antioxidants Do?

Your body produces free radicals as it processes foods, sunlight, and toxins — smoke, pollution, and alcohol. Free radicals cause damage to cell and its genetic components. Each antioxidant has its peculiar way of functioning in your body, but together they form a team that fights free radicals in your body. Antioxidants either stop free radicals before they form or break them down so they’re harmless. [1]

Vitamin A

It is also known as retinol. It is fat-soluble which means the antioxidant is stored in fat. Vitamin A is critical for vision as an essential component of rhodopsin. It also enhances your immune function and reproduction. [2]
Source: leafy green vegetables, orange and yellow vegetables such as carrots, broccoli, cantaloupe, and some vegetable oils.

Vitamin C

It is also called ascorbic acid, it is water-soluble. Vitamin C can help prevent cancers of the lungs, stomach and digestive system.
Source: Oranges, grapefruits, tomatoes and green vegetables. Go for raw foods, because cooking can destroy it.

Vitamin E

It is fat-soluble, which means the antioxidant is stored in fat. Vitamin E may prevent oxidation of LDL cholesterol that could harden your arteries and therefore lead to cardiovascular disease. It also helps to eliminate free radicals that fight fats in your cell wall.
Sources: Green vegetables, nuts, whole grains and vegetable oils (olive, canola, sunflower).

Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids

Omega-3s and omega-6s are essential fatty acids that your body can’t make, but you can obtain them from food. There are supplements but its wise when they are obtained from foods.
Omega-3 can help protects against cancer, arthritis, heart disease, stroke, and cataracts. While Omega-6s helps with osteoporosis, eczema, and psoriasis. Eating less omega 6 and more omega 3 is a recommended goal for many.
Source:
• Omega-3s: Tuna, walnuts salmon, and sardines.
• Omega-6s: Nuts, poultry vegetable oils, nuts.

Lycopene

It’s a bright red carotenoid pigment in fruits. It may help protect against breast, lung, and prostate cancer.
Source: Tomatoes, carrots, watermelons, grapefruits, and papayas. Cooking the tomatoes makes your body to absorb the lycopene readily. Also, you can include vegetable oil to enhance your body to use this nutrient.

Selenium

It is found in soil and water. Selenium enhances your thyroid. Some studies suggest it can help protects against lung and prostate cancer. Taken it as a supplement can cause hazards to your body such as cirrhosis of the liver, hair and nail loss, and digestive problems.
Sources: soybeans, meat, liver, grains, onions, garlic, and nuts.

Beta-carotene

This is the yellow, orange, and red pigments in your fruits and vegetables. It’s fat-soluble carotenoid. Your body makes retinol from it, therefore aids your vision (seeing). Taken it as supplement may cause harm. The best bet is when you get if from your food.
Source: Fruits and green vegetables, grains, carrots, squash, and spinach.

Flavonoids

Researchers identified more than 4,000 of these antioxidants present in fruits and veggies. Plants have different combinations of them. So they can help protect against infection, inflammation, cancer, cataracts, memory loss, heart disease, and stroke.
Source: grapes, green tea, apples, berries, and chocolates.

Summary

Long term study revealed that too much antioxidant can increase the risks of heart disease, cataracts, and cancer. Therefore, taken antioxidants in the form of supplement don’t lower your odds of bad health.
Fruits and veggies have lots of antioxidants. It is impossible to get too many antioxidants in the food you eat. So, if you eat more of them, you are less likely to get any number of diseases. Wh? It may be the antioxidants or other compounds present. It could even be that people who eat them make healthier lifestyle choices overall. Scientists continue to explore the issue.

1 thought on “8 Antioxidants and What They Do for You”

  1. Pingback: 6 Surprising Ways Garlic Boosts Your Health | FigsLifestyle.com

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